The Sack of Troy

According to the calculations of Eratosthenes of Cyrene, the city of Troy was destroyed during Trojan War on June 11, 1184 BC, famously described in Homer's Iliad. The Iliad tells of the battles and events of the war, caused by the elopement of Helen of Sparta with Prince Paris of Troy. As illustrated in the poem, Troy was destroyed after the Trojans had accepted a gift, the 'Trojan Horse,' from the Greeks. Several warriors were hidden inside the gift and, after the Trojans had brought the horse into the city, under the cloak of darkness, the warriors escaped from inside the horse and opened the city gates, allowing the entire Greek army to enter.