On April 25, 1953, Francis Crick and James Watson published the "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid." This was the first paper to introduce the double helix structure of DNA. As Carl Sagan would say, DNA is the "language of life" and this complex molecule represents the blueprint of all life on earth. Later scientific tests on DNA has yielded results with profound implications, including the so-called DNA phantom effect, first observed by Russian scientists, Peter Gariaev and Vladimir Poponin at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. This observation came as a surprise to the researchers while they were performing experiments measuring the vibrational modes of DNA with photons.