"Nineteen Eighty-Four"

On June 8, 1949, George Orwell published his famous novel about a dystopian society ruled over by a crippling despotism. The novel is set in Airstrip One (formerly known as Great Britain), a province of the superstate Oceania in a world of perpetual war, ubiquitous government surveillance, and public mind control. Oceania dictates to its citizens by a totalitarian political regime euphemistically named English Socialism, or "Ingsoc" in Newspeak, which is overseen by "Big Brother." The superstate is under the control of the privileged elite of the Inner Party, a party and government that persecutes individualism and independent thinking as "thoughtcrime," which is enforced by the "Thought Police.