christianity

  1. A Measure of Wheat

    Return of the True Cross by Heraclius

    It is believed that the True Cross was discovered when Constantine's mother, Empress Helena, ordered the destruction of Emperor Hadrian's pagan Temple of Venus, in Jerusalem. During the demolition, legend has it that three crosses were found buried at the site. As recounted in the biblical...
  2. The Archetype

    The Cathar Massacre at Montségur

    On March 16, 1244, following the Cathar surrender at the nine-month-long Siege of Montségur, about 200 perfecti and unrepentant credentes refused to renounce their Cathar faith, which had been a condition of surrender to Roman Catholic crusaders. After receiving their consolamentum rituals, the...
  3. The Archetype

    The Torture of Jean Calas

    Jean Calas, a Protestant merchant living in a predominantly Roman Catholic France, was accused of murdering his son in order to prevent him from converting to Roman Catholicism. Despite the fact that Calas maintained his innocence and claimed that his son, in fact, had committed suicide, Calas...
  4. Prophetess

    Copernicus's Forbidden Book

    On March 5, 1616, Nicolaus Copernicus's book, "On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres," was added to the Roman Catholic Church's Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Forbidden Books), over 70 years after the book had been published. The book is considered to be the first on modern astronomy...