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  1. The Archetype

    "In God We Trust"

    On April 22, 1864, the U.S. Congress passed the Coinage Act of 1864 with the mandate that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency. These words were placed on American coins at this time due to an increase in religious sentiment during the Civil...
  2. The Archetype

    "Houston, We've Had a Problem"

    On April 11, 1970, the Apollo 13 mission to the moon was launched from Kennedy Space Center. The lunar landing mission was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded two days after launch, on April 13. The lunar mission was immediately transformed into a rescue mission, with NASA engineers struggling...
  3. The Archetype

    Octopus Hunts Crab on Land

    For those of you who think octopuses spend their life exclusively deep in the ocean, you're in for a big surprise. During a trip to Yallingup, Western Australia, a crab was being recorded on video. Suddenly, an octopus jumped out of the water, grabbed the crab, and then used its tentacles to...
  4. The Archetype

    Movie Magic: You Won't Believe Your Eyes

    Remember that old saying, "believe nothing of what you hear and only half of what you see?" This video was published ten years ago, and it's still pretty mind blowing to see what computers are actually capable of. Funny thing is, if this technology is 10 years old now, can you imagine what...
  5. The Archetype

    Beware Fake Gold American Eagle Coins

    Just a few years ago, some goldbugs on various precious metals forums assumed that probably no one would ever go though the trouble of counterfeiting gold American Eagle bullion coins, simply becuase it would be too expensive and take too much effort to ever benefit the counterfeiter. Well, here...
  6. The Archetype

    The Cathar Massacre at Montségur

    On March 16, 1244, following the Cathar surrender at the nine-month-long Siege of Montségur, about 200 perfecti and unrepentant credentes refused to renounce their Cathar faith, which had been a condition of surrender to Roman Catholic crusaders. After receiving their consolamentum rituals, the...
  7. The Archetype

    The Torture of Jean Calas

    Jean Calas, a Protestant merchant living in a predominantly Roman Catholic France, was accused of murdering his son in order to prevent him from converting to Roman Catholicism. Despite the fact that Calas maintained his innocence and claimed that his son, in fact, had committed suicide, Calas...
  8. The Archetype

    This Is What 47 Billion Light Years Looks Like

    Astronomers often use very large numbers, and it is often difficult to imagine, let alone visualize, what 47 billion light years might look like. In the year 2003, the Hubble Space Telescope focused in and looked at a rather boring and seemingly empty stretch of deep space for eleven days...